Mythology[ edit ] The word "coyote" was originally a Spanish corruption of the Nahuatl Aztec word for the animal, coyotl. Coyote mythlore is one of the most popular among Native American people. Coyote is in some lore said to be a trickster. Trickster Coyote has been compared to both the Scandinavian Lokiand also Prometheuswho shared with Coyote the trick of having stolen fire from the gods as a gift for mankind, and Anansia mythological culture hero from Western African mythology.
See Article History Trickster tale, in oral traditions worldwide, a story featuring a protagonist often an anthropomorphized animal who has magical powers and who is characterized as a compendium of opposites. Simultaneously an omniscient creator and an innocent fool, a malicious destroyer and a childlike prankster, the trickster-hero serves as a sort of folkloric scapegoat onto which are projected the fears, failures, and unattained ideals of the source culture.
Trickster stories may be told for amusement as well as on serious or sacred occasions. Depending on the contexteither a single tale or a series of interrelated stories might be told.
Native American literature: Native American literature, the traditional oral and written literatures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. These include ancient hieroglyphic and pictographic writings of Middle America as well as an extensive set of folktales, myths, and . Native American Tricksters of Myth and Legend Native American Tricksters from Various Tribes Ableegumooch (Mi'kmaq Trickster Animal) Azeban Children's books illustrating Native American trickster tales of North and South America. The Trickster: A Study in American Indian Mythology. Almost every oral tradition in the world has trickster figures, and African American culture is no exception. Tricksters dominate the folk tradition that peoples of African descent developed in the United States, especially those tales Trickster figures, present in every oral tradition, are weak.
The typical tale recounts a picaresque adventure: Often the trickster serves as a transformer and culture hero who creates order out of chaos. He may teach humans the skills of survival, such as how to make fire, procreate, or catch or raise food, usually through negative examples that end with his utter failure to accomplish these tasks.
Frequently, he is accompanied by a companion who either serves as a stooge or ultimately tricks the trickster.
Before the 20th century the scholarly collection, examination, and comparison of tricksters and their tales concentrated upon those of North American Indian groups. Coyote is possibly the most widely known indigenous North American trickster.
Wisakedjak, anglicized to Whiskey Jack, is the trickster-hero for many Northeast Indiansas is Nanabozho, the Hare, who in the Southeast is called Rabbit.
North American trickster motifs generally combine moral lessons with humour. Examples include the false bridegroom, whose boasting exposes him as an impostor; the eye juggler, who plays ball with his eyes and finally loses them; contests between creatures with inimitable skills, as when Beaver invites Porcupine to swim and Porcupine invites Beaver to climb; and cases where guile ill-serves its perpetrator, as when Coyote tricks Skunk and eats him but neglects to anticipate the digestive effects of this scheme.
Many indigenous North American trickster figures have been portrayed, or their influences depicted, in contemporary Native American literature by such writers as Paula Gunn AllenLouise Erdrichand N. As with other forms of culture, trickster tales are apt to develop and evolve when differing societies interact.
One such case occurred during the colonial period in North Americaas Hare or Rabbit was a common trickster in Africa as well as in the New World.
Over time, as Native Americans and enslaved Africans met and exchanged elements of culture, their separate Hare traditions produced a new trickster, Brer Rabbit.
The Brer Rabbit tales share many features of traditional African trickster stories: However, African trickster tales usually centre upon a particular victim, such as Hyena, Lion, or Elephant, while Brer Rabbit tales, like their Native American counterparts, tend to revisit the same cast of characters repeatedly.
Many African cultures also have tales about human tricksters e. In African traditions, particularly those involving the spider Anansithe trickster often appears as a mythological figure and a rival of the sky god, tricking the god in one way or another. In this function Anansi shows some similarity with the Yoruba trickster god Eshu, who constantly opposes the other gods and thwarts their intentions.
The trickster-tale genre of folklore appears in some form in every culture, and many examples are available. Numerous Oceanian tales recount the creative exploits of the trickster Maui, or Maui-tiki-tiki, as when he caught the first land like a fish and pulled it from the sea.
The Australian Aboriginal trickster Bamapana is known for his vulgar language, lustful behaviour, and delight in discord. Buddhist stories, however, cast the fox as an evil agent of possession.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:In some Native American coyote myths, Coyote is a revered culture hero who creates, teaches, and helps humans; in others, he is a sort of antihero who demonstrates the dangers of negative behaviors like greed, recklessness, and arrogance; in still others, he is a comic trickster character, whose lack of wisdom gets him into trouble while his.
Native American. African-American. Asian-American. European-American.
Latin American Tricksters: A Trickster is a mischievous or roguish figure in myth or folklore who typically makes up for physical weakness with cunning and subversive humor. The Trickster alternates between cleverness and stupidity, kindness and cruelty, deceiver and.
The trickster is an alchemist, a magician, creating realities in the duality of time and illusion. In mythology, and in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphic animal who plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behavior.
A Trickster is a legendary supernatural creature that features in the stories, myths and legends of the different tribes of Native American Indians. Tricksters are mythical creatures that are mischievous supernatural beings who take the form of animals such as the coyote, spider, ram, hare and raven.
A perfectly modern way to share ageless Native American trickster stories. The SHOW approach works with the retelling of the stories. The Native American oral tradition relied on the creativity of the teller and the imaginations of the audience.
American Indian Trickster Tales (Myths and Legends) [Richard Erdoes, Alfonso Ortiz] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Of all the characters in myths and legends told around the world, it's the wily trickster who provides the real spark in the action.