Early Colonial Era Beginnings to A. On October 12, sailing the Santa Maria, he lands in the Bahamas, thinking it is an outlying Japanese island. Cabot is the first of many European explorers to seek a Northwest Passage northern water route to Asia. Augustine Florida by the Spanish.
Subsequently, the major sea powers in Europe sent expeditions to the New World to build trade networks and colonies and to convert the native peoples to Christianity. Spain concentrated on building its empire on the central and southern parts of the Americas allotted to it by the Treaty of Tordesillasbecause of presence of large, settled societies like the Aztecthe Incathe Maya and the Muiscawhose human and material resources it could exploit, and large concentrations of silver and gold.
The Portuguese built their empire in Brazilwhich fell in their sphere of influence owing to the Treaty of Tordesillasby developing the land for sugar production since there was a lack of a large, complex society or mineral resources.
During the European colonization of the western hemisphere, most of the native population died, mainly by disease. In what has come to be known as the Columbian exchangediseases such as smallpox and measles decimated populations with no immunity.
The conquerors and colonists of Latin America also had a major impact on the population of Latin America. The Spanish conquistadors committed savage acts of violence against the natives. Las Casas claimed that the Spaniards made the natives work day and night in mines and would "test the sharpness of their blades"  on the natives.
Las Casas estimated that around three million natives died from war, slavery, and overworking. When talking about the The beginnings of colonial america, Las Casas said "Who in future generations will believe this? I myself writing it as a knowledgeable eyewitness can hardly believe it.
The Spanish even went as far as burning the Maya Codices like books. These codices contained information about astrology, religion, Gods, and rituals. Colonial-era Religion[ edit ] Traveling to the New World[ edit ] The Spanish Crown regulated immigration to its overseas colonies, with travelers required to register with the House of Trade in Seville.
The ability to regulate the flow of people enabled the Spanish Crown to keep a grip on the religious purity of its overseas empire. The Spanish Crown was rigorous in their attempt to allow only Christians passage to the New World and required proof of religion by way of personal testimonies.
Specific examples of individuals dealing with the Crown allow for an understanding of how religion affected passage into the New World.
Francisca de Figueroa, an African-Iberian woman seeking entrance into the Americas, petitioned the Spanish Crown in in order to gain a license to sail to Cartagena.
I order you to allow passage to the Province of Cartagena for Francisca de Figueroa Individuals had to work within the guidelines of Christianity in order to appeal to the Crown and be granted access to travel.
Religion in Latin America[ edit ] Once in the New World, religion was still a prevalent issue which had to be considered in everyday life. Many of the laws were based in religious beliefs and traditions and often these laws clashed with the many other cultures throughout colonial Latin America.
One of the central clashes was between African and Iberian cultures; this difference in culture resulted in the aggressive prosecution of witches, both African and Iberian, throughout Latin America. A specific example, the trial of Paula de Eguiluzshows how an appeal to Christianity can help to lessen punishment even in the case of a witch trial.
Paula de Eguiluz was a woman of African descent who was born in Santo Domingo and grew up as a slave, sometime in her youth she learned the trade of witches and was publicly known to be a sorceress. There needed to be appeals to Christianity and announcements of faith if an individual hoped to lessen the sentence.
Finally, in the third hearing of the trial Paula ended her testimony by "ask[ing] Our Lord to forgive [me] for these dreadful sins and errors and requests The Spanish Crown placed a high importance on the preservation of Christianity in Latin America, this preservation of Christianity allowed colonialism to rule Latin America for over three hundred years.
Latin American wars of independence Countries in Latin America by date of independence Following the model of the American and French revolutions, most of Latin America achieved its independence by Independence destroyed the old common market that existed under the Spanish Empire after the Bourbon Reforms and created an increased dependence on the financial investment provided by nations which had already begun to industrialize ; therefore, Western European powers, in particular Great Britain and France, and the United States began to play major roles, since the region became economically dependent on these nations.
|When Did Slavery Start?||One of the first martyrs to the cause of American patriotism was Crispus Attucks, a former slave who was killed by British soldiers during the Boston Massacre of Some 5, black soldiers and sailors fought on the American side during the Revolutionary War.|
|Through the remainder of the Middle Ages the kings of England held extensive territories in Francebased on their history in this Duchy.|
Independence also created a new, self-consciously "Latin American" ruling class and intelligentsia which at times avoided Spanish and Portuguese models in their quest to reshape their societies.
This elite looked towards other Catholic European models—in particular France—for a new Latin American culture, but did not seek input from indigenous peoples. The failed efforts in Spanish America to keep together most of the initial large states that emerged from independence— Gran Colombiathe Federal Republic of Central America  and the United Provinces of South America —resulted a number of domestic and interstate conflicts, which plagued the new countries.Colonial North America encompassed more than British colonies on the East Coast.
Mapping North America was a collaborative enterprise. To form a complete picture of the continent, European cartographers had to synthesize information from numerous sources.
Walk in the steps of Captain John Smith and Pocahontas where a successful English colonization of North America began.
Despite early struggles to survive, the settlement evolved into a prosperous colony. As the colony expanded, the Virginia Indians were pushed out of their homeland.
In. Nov 12, · Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of. Library of America, a nonprofit organization, publishes, preserves, and celebrates America’s greatest writing and offers resources for readers to .
The term "Latin America" primarily refers to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries in the New grupobittia.com the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the region was home to many indigenous peoples, a number of which had advanced civilizations, most notably from North to South; the Olmec, Maya, Muisca .
Discovery, Exploration, Colonies, & Revolution. Updated July 3, JUMP TO.. TIMELINES & MAPS / PRIMARY DOCUMENTS. DISCOVERY & EXPLORATION. NATIVE AMERICANS & COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE.