Mark Twain called him " the Tom Sawyer of the political world of the twentieth century. He was only forty-two years old when his predecessor William McKinley was assassinated, the youngest age ever for the chief executive. He was graduated with the highest honors from Harvard, wrote 23 books, and was considered the world's foremost authority on North American wildlife.
Visit Website Did you know? Washington to dine with him and his family; he was the first president ever to entertain a black man in the White House. InRoosevelt ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City. Upon the outbreak of the Spanish-American War inRoosevelt left his post as naval secretary to become colonel of the First U.
Once elected, Roosevelt displayed his characteristic independence and unwillingness to buckle to the pressure of party bosses.
Roosevelt campaigned vigorously for McKinley, traveling by train for more than 21, miles to speak in 24 states, and McKinley and Roosevelt won in a landslide over Democrats William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E.
McKinley died eight days later, and Roosevelt was sworn in as the 26th president. From the time of his First Annual Message to Congress in DecemberRoosevelt expressed the progressive belief that government should mediate between conflicting forces including capital and labor, isolationism and expansionism and conservation and development in order to stabilize American society.
Inhis government brought a successful suit under the previously ineffective Sherman Antitrust Act against the Northern Securities Company, a railroad combination formed by James J. That same year, he intervened in a prolonged coal strike in Pennsylvaniausing a combination of negotiation tactics to halt the strike and gain a modest pay increase for the miners.
Roosevelt also used his executive power to further his passion for conservationism. In Junethe National Reclamation Act dedicated to large-scale irrigation projects in the American West became the first major legislative achievement of his presidency.
In addition, Roosevelt set aside almost million acres—almost five times as much land as all his predecessors combined—for national forests, reserves and wildlife refuges. He was the first president to win reelection after gaining the White House due to the death of his predecessor.
Roosevelt followed this big-stick policy most conspicuously in his dealings in Latin America.
Inhe helped Panama secede from Colombia in order to facilitate the beginning of construction on the Panama Canalwhich he later claimed as his greatest accomplishment as president.
Navy into a major international force at sea. After the White House As the election approached, Roosevelt prepared grudgingly to fulfill the campaign pledge he had made in not to seek another term, and threw his support behind Secretary of War William Howard Taft. Immediately after leaving office in earlyRoosevelt left for a month African safari and a tour of Europe, where he enjoyed international acclaim.
Upon his return, Roosevelt found that President Taft had failed to follow through on the promised program of progressive reforms, instead siding with the more conservative wing of the Republican Party.
Incensed, Roosevelt campaigned against Taft for the Republican nomination in ; when that effort failed, he and his supporters bolted to form the Progressive Party, popularly known as the Bull Moose Party. Politically and physically active until the end, Roosevelt died in his sleep on January 6,at his family home in Oyster Bay, New York, at the age of The presidency of Theodore Roosevelt began on September 14, , when Theodore Roosevelt became the 26th President of the United States upon the assassination and death of President William McKinley, and ended on March 4, Roosevelt had been the Vice President of the United States for only days when he succeeded to the presidency.
A Republican, he ran for and won a full four . William McKinley was assassinated in , bringing his Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt, to the White House.
Roosevelt shook up the political status quo on many ways, and often opposed a Congress largely dominated by big business. While hailing from wealth, he connected with the copmmmon people, and was extremely popular.
Roosevelt was the first president to win the Nobel Prize.
Theodore Roosevelt's Background. Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York City. Even though he was a city kid, Roosevelt realized he loved being outside, learning about animals, and hunting.
The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental, and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal and plant species as well as their habitat for the future.. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management, water, soil conservation, and .
The National Wildlife Refuge System in the United States has a long and distinguished history. President Theodore Roosevelt established Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge, along Florida's central Atlantic coast, combined with the conservation-minded President Roosevelt. This page contains numerous quotes used currently or in past versions of the park website.
Many of the quotes listed here are from Theodore Roosevelt's popular books Hunting Trips of a Ranchman and The Wilderness Hunter. "I have always said I would not have been President had it not been for my experience in North Dakota.".