After a trawl through the literature, reflecting on my own experience at BA and MA level in Philosophy and Modern History, and discussions with my supervisor, I narrowed down my candidate methodologies.
After further investigation I believe it would not have suited this thesis for three reasons. Firstly, it would have meant spending a long time with another seemingly-fragmented landscape.
Ultimately, and perhaps controversially, I wanted to focus upon practical application rather than quasi-Post-Structuralist textual analysis. One of these, Cybermethodology, Post structuralism thesis sounding promising, fails the first test of being recognised and respected as a sound approach. Grounded Theory is potentially more promising as a methodology.
It is the inverse of the usual scientific method: The original work in this area was carried out by Glaser and Strauss although since then each author has promoted his particular strand of Grounded Theory.
The Straussian approach, on the other hand, is less emergent and more systematised, with more emphasis on validation criteria. Instead of the emergence of Glaserian Grounded Theory based on the creativity of the researcher, Straussian Grounded Theory focuses much more on the four-step process of coding, conceptualising, categorising and theorising.
Qualitative research is a legitimate form of study, they argue, but difficult to carry out.
Grounded theory offers a solution to this problem by establishing a set of procedures and a means of generating theory. There have been critics, however: Robrecht notes that the elaborate sampling procedure advocated by Straussian Grounded Theorists diverts attention away from the data itself and towards procedures and techniques.
However, given that a theory can be refined ad infinitum to explain the phenomena, when should this process stop? As Allan suggests, Grounded Theory assumes researchers are machines, coming to situations as unbiased observers and free from prejudice and interest.
Would this be different in different disciplines and for different researchers? Perhaps the most pertinent reason why Grounded Theory is not a suitable methodology for this thesis is that it depends on the lens of one researcher in one particular context. There is no data to code. Fortunately, there are other methodologies that avoid some of the problems making Grounded Theory problematic for a non-empirical thesis.
Dismissing Cybermethodology and Grounded Theory from the list leaves us with three candidate methodologies: Critical Theory, Post-Structuralism and Pragmatism. I will consider each in turn, using the three tests for a methodology outlined earlier as a guide.
Critical Theory Critical Theory is a complex fusion of two different schools of thought. The fusion of the two streams became complete when, from the s onwards, Habermas redefined Critical Theory as a theory of communication. Critical Theory undoubtedly fulfils the third of the criteria set out as necessary for a methodology underpinning Digital Literacies: Habermas combines the transcendental idealism evident in the first phase of Critical Theory with a selection of ideas from the American Pragmatist tradition Shalin,p.
It is an established and active research area with journals, professorships and many books dedicated to debates and developments. In this sense, Critical Theory not only meets the third of the aims of a methodology, but also the first being recognised and respected as sound.
It is only with the second criterion that issues emerge: There are three main issues with Critical Theory that I will outline here that I believe make it unsuitable as a methodology within the area of Digital and New Literacies.
First, there is the difficulty of a theory which is general and universal in outlook, but which depends upon subjective experiences. It leaves the individual in an epistemological dilemma: One cannot assume competencies and behaviours that one is hoping to instil.
Secondly, Critical Theorists conceptualise praxis the enactment of a theory almost solely in terms of work. A methodology suitable for understanding and putting into practice work around Digital and New Literacies should not be continually reduced or necessarily even be reducible to such considerations.The name does not deceive us, because post-structuralism comes after structuralism and it gets its meaning by reference to structuralism.
Thus, if we want to draw the key characteristics of post-structuralism, we must look in parallel at structuralism, the thesis of the antithesis in hegelian terms. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGOFacing the Earth, Grounding the Image: Representations of the Aztec Tlaltecuhtli A thesis s.
Thesis Statement. argumentative. compare and contrast. log in × scroll to top. Structuralism Essay Examples. 7 total results. An Introduction to the History of Psychology.
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The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. Two references worth reading in light of the last post. there is much clear evidence that Hayek himself had always intended his argument to apply with equal stringency against command planning and the welfare state alike (see, e.g., Hayek ,  , , and  ).
Indeed, as we. In sociology, postmaterialism is the transformation of individual values from materialist, physical, and economic to new individual values of autonomy and self-expression.. The term was popularized by the political scientist Ronald Inglehart in his book The Silent Revolution, in which he discovered that the formative affluence experienced by the post-war generations was leading some of.