How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United States — and the first Republican President Founded in the Northern states in by abolitionistsmodernizers, ex- Whigs and ex- Free Soilersthe Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party.
The main cause was opposition to the Kansas—Nebraska Actwhich repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movementat which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin.
The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, Abraham Lincolnwas elected President.
It oversaw the preserving of the Union, the end of slavery and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction — The Republicans' initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest. Early Republican ideology was reflected in the slogan "free labor, free land, free men", which had been coined by Salmon P.
The party strove to contain the expansion of slavery, which would cause the collapse of the slave power [ further explanation needed ] and the expansion of freedom. Jennisonan anti-slavery militia leader associated with the Jayhawkers from Kansas and an early Republican politician in the region.
Representing the fast-growing Western states, Lincoln won the Republican nomination in and subsequently won the presidency. The party took on the mission of preserving the Union and destroying slavery during the American Civil War and over Reconstruction.
The Republican Party was at the center of Andrew Johnson 's impeachment in The party's success created factionalism within the party in the s.
Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, and was continued mostly to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grantran Horace Greeley for the presidency.
Grant18th President of the United States — The Republican Party supported business generally, hard money i. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition. As the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, railroads, mines, fast-growing cities, and prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth.
However, by the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers. The high McKinley Tariff of hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections, even defeating McKinley himself.
The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in and The election of William McKinley in was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted except for and until McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of and that Republicans would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all groups would benefit.
By the s, they had adopted as well a hard money system based on the gold standard and fought off efforts to promote inflation through Free Silver. Fourth Party System and Progressive Era Theodore Roosevelt26th President of the United States — The realignment cemented the Republicans as the party of big business while Theodore Roosevelt added more small business support by his embrace of trust busting.
He handpicked his successor William Howard Taft inbut they became enemies as the party split down the middle.
Taft defeated Roosevelt for the nomination and Roosevelt ran on the ticket of his new Progressive "Bull Moose" Party. He called for social reformsmany of which were later championed by New Deal Democrats in the s.Opposing Viewpoints: Jefferson and the Lousiana Purchase Jefferson Goes Against His Own Philosophy: Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition by the United States of America in of , square miles of France’s claim to the territory of Louisiana.
Thomas Jefferson was only the third president, and his election in was the very first peaceful transfer of power from the incumbent party, John Adams' Federalists, to the opposition, Jefferson's Democratic-Republicans.
Jefferson Goes Against His Own Philosophy: Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition by the United States of America in of , square miles of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana.
Opposing Views: Hamilton and Jefferson Directions: Each quote should be copied into your notebook. Under each quote, identify the speaker (Hamilton or Jefferson). There were a number of reasons Federalists opposed the Louisiana Purchase. One can assume some opposed it just because it was Jefferson who made the purchase, out of a kind of reflex.
The purchase of the land was a monumental step in the expansion of the United States. Thomas Jefferson became the 2nd president of the United States in and assumed control in He envisioned a society of independent farmers that were free from the restraints of industrial towns and the mobs of European cities (Brinkley p.