Does Morality Depend on Religion? Many think religion and morality are connected They think morality is part of religions Church gives out moral rules Learn morality from religious upbringing Religious people appointed to ethics panels Arguments for morality being based on religion Religion is a worldview that gives meaning, purpose and value to the world In contrast to a purely scientific worldview that is silent on values and suggests that human life, all life, the earth and the universe will eventually doomed to end.
Among western democracies, the U. Nine out of ten Americans say they believe in a personal God; in Denmark and Swedenthe figure is only one in five. It is not unusual for priests and ministers to be treated as moral experts.
Most hospitals, for example, have ethics committees, and these committees usually include three types of members: When newspapers want comments about the ethical dimensions of a story, they call upon the clergy, and the clergy are happy to oblige. Priests and ministers are assumed to be wise counselors who will give sound moral advice when it is needed.
Why are clergymen regarded this way? The reason is not that they have proven to be better or wiser than other people - as a group, they seem to be neither better nor worse than the rest of us. There is a deeper reason why they are regarded as having special moral insight.
In popular thinking, morality and religion are inseparable: People commonly believe that morality can be understood only in the context of religion. So because the clergymen are the spokesmen for religion, it is assumed that they must be spokesmen for morality as well.
It is not hard to see why people think this. When viewed from a nonreligious perspective, the universe seems to be a cold, meaningless place, devoid of value and purpose. From a religious perspective, however, things look very different.
Judaism and Christianity teach that the world was created by a loving, all-powerful God to provide a home for us. We, in turn, were created in his image, to be his children. Thus the world is not devoid of meaning and purpose. The Divine Command Theory In the major theistic traditions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, God is conceived as a lawgiver who has laid down rules that we are to obey.
He does not compel us to obey them. We were created as free agents, so we may choose to accept or to reject his commandments. This conception has been elaborated by some theologians into a theory about the nature of right and wrong known as the Divine Command Theory.
It immediately solves the old problem about the objectivity of ethics.49 CHAPTER 4 Does Morality Depend on Religion?.
E!"# B$%&&'$, THE D IVINE I MPERATIVE () The Presumed Connection between Morality and Religion the Civil Liberties Union Judge Roy Moore for the Ten Com-.
“Does Morality Depend on Religion?
” by James Rachels (Chapter 4 of Rachels’ The Elements of Morality 4th ed) The Good consists in always doing what God wills at any particular moment. Emil Brunner, The Divine Imperative () I respect deities.
I do not rely upon . Rachels Chapter 4 Does Morality Depend on Religion? The presumed connection.
if there's no good and bad consequences in the afterlife depending on how we behave in this life people have less reason to be good. More Essay Examples on God Rubric. Rachels believes that there is a societal presumption about the connection of morality and religion.
He notes that in the US, when it comes to matters that involve moral questions it is members of the clergy that are called in as consultants. Arguments for morality being based on religion Religion is a worldview that gives meaning, purpose and value to the world In contrast to a purely scientific worldview that is silent on values and suggests that human life, all life, the earth and the universe will eventually doomed to end.
James Rachels & Stuart Rachels The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion In popular thinking, morality and religion are inseparable.
People commonly believe that morality can be understood only in the context of religion. Clergy and those considered pious are thus regarded as moral experts who will give sound moral advice.