His father, Motilal Nehru —a self-made wealthy barrister who belonged to the Kashmiri Pandit community,  served twice as President of the Indian National Congressin and
The government wasn't ready for this move. It immediately arrested over 60, national and local Congress leaders, and then moved to suppress the violent reaction of Congress supporters. Key leaders were kept in prison until Junealthough Gandhi was released in May because of his health.
Congress, with its leaders incommunicado, played little role on the home front. So, inthe British Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow declared India's entry into the War without consulting prominent Indian Congress leaders who were just elected in previous elections.
He broke with Congress and tried to form a military alliance with Germany or Japan to gain independence. With German reversals in andBose and the Legion's officers were transported by U boat to Japanese territory to continue his plans.
Bose also headed the Provisional Government of Free Indiaa government-in-exile based in Singapore. It controlled no Indian territory and was used only to raise troops for Japan. It took in volunteers and by was the largest all-volunteer force in history, rising to over 2.
The Middle East and African theatre[ edit ] Main articles: India also geared up to produce essential goods such as food and uniforms.
Pre-Independence India provided the largest volunteer force 2. In addition, the 18th Brigade of the 8th Indian Division fought at Alamein. Earlier, the 4th and 5th Indian Divisions took part in the East African campaign against the Italians in SomalilandEritrea and Abyssinia capturing the mountain fortress of Keren.
In the Battle of Bir HacheimIndian gunners played an important role by using guns in the anti tank role and destroying tanks of Rommel's panzer divisions. He was awarded the DSO for his act of bravery.
Later he became the Chief of Army Staff of independent India in The Royal Indian Air force's first assault mission was carried out against Japanese troops stationed in Burma. The British Indian Army was key to breaking the siege of Imphal when the westward advance of Imperial Japan came to a halt.
These troops, popularly known as Chinditsplayed a crucial role in halting the Japanese advance into South Asia. Japan gave nominal control of the islands to the Provisional Government of Free India on 21 Octoberand in the following March, the Indian National Army with the help of Japan crossed into India and advanced as far as Kohima in Nagaland.
This advance on the mainland of South Asia reached its farthest point on India territory, retreating from the Battle of Kohima in June and from that of Imphal on 3 July Indian National Congress. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Founded in , the Indian National Congress (INC) was at the forefront of the nationalist movement in India before After India ’ s independence in that year, the Congress emerged as the ruling party, and it maintained power uninterrupted for three decades ( – ).
Since then, the party has been in and out of power. With the election of Mohandas K. Gandhi to the presidency of the Indian National Congress, the battle of the party's soul was won, and a new path to India's destiny forged.
 Lokmanya Tilak, whom Gandhi had called The Father of Modern India died in , and Gopal Krishna Gokhale had died four years earlier. India in World War II. the Indian National Congress, demanded independence before it would help Britain.
London refused, and when Congress announced a "Quit India" campaign in August , tens of thousands of its leaders were imprisoned by the British for the duration. As leader of League from s, negotiated with British and Indian National Congress for Muslim participation in Indian politics.
From on, led movement for independence of India's Muslims in separate state of Pakistan, founded in It has been the Indian National Congress’s concerted effort to provide easy access to quality and affordable health care through government funded programmes.
The share of public health expenditure to GDP of the country was doubled from a mere % in to % in respectively. Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian.
Fourth Street & Independence Avene Washington, DC Event Date: Wednesday, February 14 Wilma Pearl Mankiller Honorees U.S. Congressman Xavier Becerra National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Embassy of Tribal Nations P Street NW, Washington, DC