Bibliography Definition The title summarizes the main idea or ideas of your study. Importance of Choosing a Good Title The title is the part of a paper that is read the most, and it is usually read first. It is, therefore, the most important element that defines the research study.
Find your affiliate coordinator. The theme changes each year so if you do NHD every year, you will not repeat a theme.
The themes are chosen to be broad enough to encourage investigation of topics ranging from local history to world history, and from ancient time to the recent past. To understand the historical importance of your topic you need to ask questions about time, place and context, cause and effect, change over time, and impact and significance.
You must consider not only when and where events happened, but also why they occurred and what factors contributed to their development.
Choose a Topic Topics for research are everywhere! Think about a time in history or individuals or events that are interesting to you. Now go back through the list and circle the ideas that connect with the theme. From the ideas that you circled, select one to begin your research.
Keep your list because you might need it again. Selecting a National History Day Contest topic is a process of gradually narrowing down the area of history period or event that interests you to a manageable subject. Leadership and Legacy Topic: Andrew Jackson and the removal of the Cherokee Nation Issue: To understand the connections between your topic and the time period, begin reading about the time period and as you read ask yourself questions: Why did my topic happen at this particular time and in this particular place?
What were the events or the influences that came before my topic? How was my topic influenced by and how did it influence the economic, social, political, and cultural climate of the time period? All of these questions will help you to build the story of your topic and grasp the historical significance.
This will also help you begin thinking about your thesis. Every exhibit, performance, documentary, paper and website should make a point about its topic.
To do this, you must develop your own argument of the historical impact of the person, event, pattern or idea you are studying. The point you make is called a thesis statement.
A thesis statement is not the same as a topic. Your thesis statement explains what you believe to be the impact and significance of your topic in history.
Battle of Gettysburg Thesis Statement: The battle of Gettysburg was a major turning point of the Civil War. Primary Sources A primary source is a piece of information about a historical event or period in which the creator of the source was an actual participant in or a contemporary of a historical moment.
The purpose of primary sources is to capture the words, the thoughts and the intentions of the past. Primary sources help you to interpret what happened and why it happened. Examples of primary sources include: Secondary Sources A secondary source is a source that was not created first-hand by someone who participated in the historical era.
Secondary sources are usually written decades, if not centuries, after the event occurred by people who did not live through or participate in the event or issue. The purpose of a secondary source is to help build the story of your research from multiple perspectives and to give your research historical context.
An example of a secondary source is Battle Cry of Freedom: McPherson, published in They are a great starting point in helping you see the big picture.
Understanding the context of your topic will help you make sense of the primary sources that you find. The primary and secondary sources McPherson used are listed in the bibliography.
Another researcher might consult these same primary sources and reach a different conclusion. Historians use Turabian but we know that many classes in middle school and high school teach the MLA style.
It does not matter which of these two styles you use, but it is important to be consistent. For help with questions about citations, you can check out Turabian or MLA guides from your local library.The header should contain the title and page number (starting with 2).
Double space the entire paper and use 1 inch margins. If you use sections like "Abstract, Introduction, Discussions", center the section title on the page. National History Day® offers students a variety of resources to help in the creation of National History Day projects.
From Google+ Hangouts to an Annotated Bibliography Guide, the student resources page has helpful information for every step of your National History Day project.
Welcome to the Purdue OWL. This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Above article starts on page , continues on pages and , advertisement appears on page , article continues on page , and ends on page f) Treat page numbers given in Roman numerals as they are given if quoting sources from Foreword, Preface, Introduction, etc., write v .
Below are the formatting rules for a Turabian title page. However, your instructor may want you to include different elements in your title page. Always check with your instructor first — .
Only the title page, the abstract, the introduction, and the references should start on a separate page; the other sections should not. However, a heading needs to indicate the beginning of each section.