The following question is based on the accompanying Documents Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise. Write your answer on the lined pages of the pink essay booklet.
The new ideals established reason as the universal method for knowledge, and the experimental method and reasonable studies gained force against the arguments of the authorities, which had sustained the knowledge in previous centuries.
Knowledge shifted from court to cafes and cultural institutions. People started to travel because they wanted to learn more about the world and were interested in other cultures and languages, and began to practice sport and to look for ways to improve their quality of life.
There was also a generalized fatigue towards the exuberant Baroque styleand everyone Enlighenment essay for a more clear, transparent and balanced life and culture.
Change started in Rome with the founding of the Academy of Arcadia inwhich opened schools around Italy to promote what they called "buon senso", good taste, and the return to classic literature.
In this new attitude, the enlightened Enlighenment essay a philanthropist who cares for others, proposing and undertaking reforms in culture and society. They defend tolerance in religion and most are skeptics. Montesquieu argued that the Old Regime was obsolete and change needed to take place, and proposed democracy as the new political system, with the separation of the three main powers: The enlightened wanted to be able to choose their own governors, which inspired the motto of the French Revolution: The Enlightenment as a way of thinking began in England, although it reached its peak in France.
The first encyclopedia was published by two frenchmen, Diderot and d'Alembert, who wanted to make all the knowledge accessible for everyone. Philip V gave the monarchy more privileges and began to centralize the government of the country.
The Church still had power, even after the abolition of the Order of the Jesuits in The middle classes didn't have any rights. Little by little, things began to change: Once the Church started to lose power, the Universities were taken by the crown.
Pablo de Olavide takes charge of the University of Seville and starts to implement some changes which were approved in Court, and soon the Enlightenment ideas had taken root and were being openly discussed in all the Universities in Spain.
The translation of the works of important French philosophers like Voltaire and Montesquieu in helped spread the ideas farther.
Madrid was the center of all the changes and the reflection of the new social model. This societies accepted anyone, from any social class and any work sector.
Their aim was to spread the use of the correct Spanish. The first dictionary was published from toand it included 6 volumes in which anyone could find the meaning and etymology of every Spanish word.
The Spanish enlightened were very preoccupied with the spreading of their language and wanted everyone to study Spanish. The Enlightenment literature in Spain has three stages: Anti baroque until Neoclassicism until the end of the 18th century: The writers mimic the manner of classic writers like Virgil, Horace and Ovid.
This trend spanned from the reign of Ferdinand IV to mid 19th century. Pre romanticism end of 18th century to beginning of 20th century: This announces the decadence of Neoclassicism and opens the way to Romanticism. Spanish Enlightenment Literature - Prose Narrative was almost inexistent during this period.
Most of the prose was found in newspapers, which helped spread the new ideas through the population. There were different types of newspapers, but the more popular were the ones which wrote about scientific or literary topics.
Essays also played a big part in the divulgation of the new Enlightenment ideas. This prose was written in a didactic tone and wanted to help people understand the problems and possible solutions of the problems present at the time.
Some of the most relevant prose authors of the Spanish Enlightenment literature are: This style was popular in Spain, because it imposed some criteria that were useful for humanity. The dominant artistic ideas came from France, the "good taste" and the restraining of one's feelings.6 essay 1 / june , years of homo sapiens’ existence.
Kant talked about the twenty-first century enlightenment 7 The social aspiration gap Despite the scope for debate between optimists and pessimists, there is a general consensus on the key challenges.
Essay by rageradios, High School, 10th grade, A, September download word file, 1 pages, Downloaded 40 times.
Keywords United States, Happiness, Declaration of independence, Enlightenment, John Locke. 0 Like 0 Tweet.
The Declaration of Independence is the basis of our government here in the United States. 5/5(1). The Renaissance is associated with great figures like the father of the Latin revival Petrarch, the humanist philosopher Pico della Mirandola, the great artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci, the.
Enlightenment Quotes. To enjoy good health, to bring true happiness to one's family, to bring peace to all, one must first discipline and control one's own mind.
If a man can control his mind he can find the way to Enlightenment, and all wisdom and virtue will naturally come to him.
Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding () Education and environment; Sense perception and the tabula rasa; The goodness and perfectibility of humanity; Enlightenment themes: humanitarianism and tolerance; Cesare Beccaria () On Crimes and Punishments (). 7 November Why the Enlightenment Still Matters Today.
Professor Justin Champion. Modern states are without religious ambitions or obligations. Procedurally secular they combine the governance of religion in the public square with the protection of private convictions.